How we teach Phonics
Why teach systematic synthetic phonics?
A solid foundation in reading is critical to a child's success - a child who can read can learn. Whilst at Purlwell Infant and Nursery School, we know that there is far more to teaching reading than just the teaching of phonics, there is also a weight of evidence that shows systematic synthetic phonics taught in the first years of a child's education gives them the key building blocks they need to understand and read words. It underpins children's attainment of a good standard of reading and can inspire a lifelong love of reading.
Phonics focuses on sounds. Through a programme of synthetic phonics teaching children start reading by sequencing the individual sounds in words with an emphasis on blending them together. The synthetic part comes from the word 'synthesis' meaning to assemble or blend together.
Children who learn synthetic phonics are equipped from a very early stage of development with the tools to have a go at reading. They are motivated to attack new words working from learned sounds.
At Purlwell Infant and Nursery School we base our phonics teaching on a programme of systematic synthetic phonics called 'Letters and Sounds'. In the Early Years we support this by using the 'Jolly Phonics' scheme for phonics.
The Phonics Lesson
Knowledge of letters and sounds begins once children enter the nursery. Children take part in a differentiated daily taught phonics sessions focusing the letter/sound of the week.
A pacey phonics lesson is taught in each class from the reception year to Year 1 every day - starting promptly at 9:00am and lasting for approximately 20 minutes. Each session begins with a brief reteach to address any misconceptions from the previous day identified by the teacher, before new learning is taught, practised and applied in sentence reading and writing.
The children are taught Phases 1 to 5 from nursery to the end of Year 1.
Please click here for further information on each phase.
It is our expectation that the vast majority of children will be secure at phase 3 by the end of the reception year. This is the national benchmark. Children who reach this milestone are described as being 'school ready' in terms of their phonic knowledge and understanding.
By the end of the Reception year, children should be able to:
- read and understand simple sentences.
- use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.
- read some common irregular words (tricky words).
- demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.
- use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.
- write some irregular common words (tricky words).
- write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.
- spell some words correctly and others are which are phonetically plausible.
It is our expectation that most children will be secure at phase 5 by the end of year 1. This is described as the age related expectation for the end of Year 1 and forms the content for the Phonic Screening Check in the summer term.
In year 2 it is expected that children have progressed through the phonics phases 1 to 5 and from then are taught 'spelling rules' in line with the National Curriculum programme of study.
Throughout Key Stage 1 weekly spellings will be sent home for the children to learn as part of their homework.
National Curriculum Spelling Work for Year 1 and Year 2
From time to time children may experience difficulties or have misconceptions. In such situations, extra sessions are taught as an intervention, to enable children to catch up and keep up with their peers. Similarly, some children learn better after a short pre-teach session and so these are planned as and when required to support individual needs.